There’s always a certain amount of risk for sports-related injuries when participating in sports. Contact or collision sports have much higher injury rates, such as soccer, baseball, basketball, and football. Twice as many males experience sports-related injuries compared to females due to the kinds of sports they play. Whether you’re an experienced and trained athlete or weekend warrior, there’s always a possibility of sustaining a sports injury.
Common Sports Injuries
Sports injuries involving the lower body are frequently knee injuries. Patellofemoral syndrome is often caused by a slip or fall onto the knees. There is pain, swelling, and unevenness of the knee muscle in its groove. Strengthening exercises and stretching can help the muscles correct themselves. In addition to strengthening exercises, a physical therapist may use bracing techniques or knee taping for this injury.
A strike to the head can cause a concussion. It’s a serious injury and should not be taken lightly. Symptoms include headache, dizziness, confusion, vomiting, and slurred speech. Any athlete who suffers a concussion should seek immediate medical attention. A physical therapist can help with the headaches and dizziness associated with a concussion.
The ACL is a major ligament in the knee. ACL strains or tears can be caused when playing sports due to a sudden change in directions or coming to a sudden stop. There is swelling and instability in movement with an ACL tear. Aggressive physical therapy can help with recovery.
Hip Flexor Strain
The hip flexor muscles are found in the upper, front thigh. Sprinting, running inclines and sudden movement can cause a hip flexor strain. There may be bruising in the thigh section along with inflammation and pain. Stretching and range of motion exercises with a physical therapist help with recovery.
With shin splints, there’s typically pain in the lower leg bone- the tibia. It’s most common with runners. Rest and ice can ease the pain, and a good pair of shoes with arch support can help.
Sciatica is back pain that extends to the back of the leg. It’s often seen in cyclists and athletes who perform a lot of trunk rotation in swing sports like tennis and golf. The back pain may be caused by a pinched nerve or bulging disc. A physical therapist can help relieve sciatica symptoms.
Shoulder injuries in sports range from dislocations and misalignments to strains and sprains of shoulder muscles and ligaments. The shoulder is a vulnerable joint and prone to injuries during sports activities. Rest and icing should help with pain and swelling.
Tennis or Golf Elbow
This condition is known as an overuse sports injury. Repetitive actions inflame the forearm and wrist. Icing and rest ordinarily help, but stretching techniques and strengthening exercises with a physical therapist will help even more.
Also known as groin strain, the groin muscles can get strained with quick side-to-side movements when participating in sports. Stretching and range of motion exercises can assist with recovery.
The hamstring muscle is located in the back thigh. Lack of stretching can cause this muscle to be pulled. If this condition continues for more than two weeks, a physical therapist can help with ultrasound treatment to promote healing of the pulled muscle.